Hudson Fellow - Royal Navy


Damian is a graduate of the University of Leeds where he read Geography and where he also completed an MA in Geographical Information Systems. He joined the Navy in 1995 and has served at sea in aircraft carriers, amphibious ships, frigates and destroyers, and ashore across a variety of operational, support, policy and planning roles. A logistician by training, he served in the Iraq and Afghanistan campaigns and well as in operations at sea (Sierra Leone and NATO counter trafficking operations). After attending the Joint Services Command & Staff Course at the Defence Academy, Damian’s more recent appointments have been focused on the higher level management of defence area, with three tours in the Ministry of Defence, including as the Private Secretary to the Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Operations), and within the Finance and Military Capability directorate. He also served as a logistics operations and plans officer at the Permanent Joint Headquarters (PJHQ) with responsibility for the Middle East and EurAsian Theatres. Most recently he has just completed two years as the Commander Logistics in the Navy’s amphibious assault and command & control ship, HMS ALBION, bringing the ship out from an extended refit period and deploying with her to the Asia-Pacific region. As the Hudson Fellow, Damian's research interests are the interaction between geopolitics and energy security, and their implications for maritime forces.

Wildlife conservation as it is being practised now in the context of a violent, ethnically-politicised war in South Sudan.  

A former British army officer, Adrian Garside brings over 25 years of experience in policy and execution, addressing conflicts in Africa, the Balkans and Middle East.  A strategic planning officer at the UN Headquarters, adviser to the African Union mission in Darfur and the UK government's first Stabilisation Adviser in Sudan, he has first-hand experience tackling complex, violent conflicts in a range of settings. He has spent the past 6 years at the interface between politicised violence and wildlife conservation in South Sudan’s ongoing civil war.

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The Great Middle Eastern War

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Larry P. Goodson is Professor of Middle East Studies at the US Army War College, where he is the only person to hold the General Dwight D. Eisenhower Chair of National Security twice (2014-2017, 2004-2007). Dr Goodson has been continually called upon to serve as a regional adviser on Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Middle East by senior US military and political leaders. Among his other academic appointments, Dr Goodson taught at the American University in Cairo (1994-2000) and conducted his dissertation field work in Peshawar, Pakistan (1986-1987). Dr Goodson completed all of his academic work at the University of North Carolina. He is the author of the New York Times bestselling Afghanistan’s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban (2001) as well as numerous chapters and articles. Currently, he is writing “The Great Middle Eastern War, which argues that the Syrian Civil War is the opening phase of the first “great war” of the 21st century.

Dr. Goodson has lived in Egypt, Pakistan, and Afghanistan and travelled extensively in the Middle East and South Asia, including India, the Gulf countries, North Africa, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, and Cyprus. He has lectured on Afghanistan, Pakistan, Islam, and the Middle East to audiences at more than 100 universities, schools, and organisations, and been interviewed more than 1000 times on those subjects since September 11, 2001.

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Evolutions in Political Authority: Implications for the Character of War

Chris Holloway comes to the Changing Character of War programme from the Australian Department of Defence, where he has worked in recent years to develop accounts of the Australian Defence Force’s Future Operating Environment and associated military-strategic concepts of operation. He has an extensive background in capability analysis with particular application to the development of future force design options and the identification of capability risk. 

In 2016 Chris was seconded to the Development Concepts and Doctrine Centre (UK Ministry of Defence) and in 2014 to the Australian National University to undertake research into ideas of sovereignty in cyberspace. He holds a BA(Hons) from the University of Melbourne and postgraduate degrees from the Universities of Melbourne and New South Wales, and the Australian National University. Whilst at CCW, Chris will seek to analyse large-scale trends and changes in the organisation of political authority and the implications these might have for the historical structure of warfare.  

The Constitution of Illicit Orders: Local Reconfigurations of Territory, Authority and Institutions in Global Society

Dr. Christopher Marc Lilyblad is currently Visiting Research Fellow at the Changing Character of War Centre at Pembroke College, University of Oxford. His research focuses on the constitution of authority, order, and governance by violent-non-state actors in territories subjected to fragility, conflict, and violence. He returns to full-time academic life after spending nearly four years in managerial roles at the European Union Delegation in Cape Verde (2014-16), the Luxembourg Development Cooperation Agency – LuxDev (2016-2017), and Luxembourg’s national NGO platform, the Cercle de Coopération (2017-2018). In October 2017, Dr. Lilyblad was elected as Councillor in his native municipality of Betzdorf, Luxembourg, which hosts the headquarters of the world’s largest satellite operator, SES, and other space industry leaders. In 2017, he earned his D.Phil. in International Development from the University of Oxford, where he attended as a Clarendon Scholar. Prior to this, Dr. Lilyblad completed his M.Sc. in Global Governance and Diplomacy at the University of Oxford and his B.A. in International Studies and Political Science at the University of Washington.


Hudson Fellow

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Originally from Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Commander Malandrino was commissioned and graduated with merit from the United States Naval Academy in 1998 with a degree in History. He also holds a Master’s Degree in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College and was selected as the President’s Honor Graduate. 

Commander Malandrino’s operational assignments include flying the F-14 Tomcat while being with the “Black Knights” of VF-154 in Atsugi, Japan, where he deployed in support of Operations Southern Watch and Iraqi Freedom aboard USS Kitty Hawk (CV 63). He transitioned to the F/A-18 Super Hornet and then flew with the “Checkmates” of VFA-211 where he deployed in support of Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom aboard the USS Enterprise (CVN 65). Next, he flew with the “Jolly Rogers” of VFA- 103 where he deployed in support of Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom aboard the USS Eisenhower (CVN 69) and was recognized as the 2012 Michael G. Hoff Atlantic Fleet Attack Aviator of the Year. Most recently, he commanded the “Diamondbacks” of Strike Fighter Squadron One Zero Two where he deployed aboard the USS George Washington (CVN 73) and USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) in support of U.S. Asian foreign policy goals while based in Atsugi, Japan. He has flown 79 combat missions over Iraq and Afghanistan, logged 3,376 hours of flight time, and made 768 carrier arrested landings.

Ashore, after graduating from the United States Navy’s Fighter Weapons School (TOPGUN), he served as a Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor and as the training officer at Strike Fighter Weapons School Atlantic Fleet. He also worked on the Joint Staff, as an action officer and executive assistant in the Strategic Plans and Policy Directorate, Deputy Directorate for Western Hemisphere Politico-Military Affairs. Most recently, he served as the fleet tactical representative to the Office of Naval Research Global. He has been published in Foreign Policy, War on the Rocks, and Over the Front. He has recently researched the impact of service culture on an armed forces’ effectiveness and the future national security environment in Asia.

Strategic intelligence and the role of decision- and policy-makers in the avoidance of strategic surprise

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Having completed an engineering degree at Pembroke College, Cambridge, Group Captain Marshall joined the RAF as a pilot and spent the first 10 years of his career flying the Harrier. During this period, he completed several operational tours, including Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan, and undertook instructional, standardisation, and test and evaluation roles. With experience of Naval Aviation from embarked Harrier deployments on Invincible-class aircraft carriers, he was then appointed as the Requirements Manager for the Joint Strike Fighter programme.  Here he worked closely with US and UK Industry, the US Services, and several other nations, representing UK interests during the development and initial production phases of what continues to be a complex multi-national programme.

Following a brief period in joint weapons procurement within the Ministry of Defence (MOD), he then converted to the Intelligence, Surveillance, Targeting and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) role, taking command of No V (AC) Squadron – then a Joint Army and RAF unit operating Sentinel and Shadow aircraft.  During his command he flew both aircraft types and led the Squadron on operations in Afghanistan, Libya and Mali. After Squadron Command, he returned to the MOD as an Assistant Head within the Operations Directorate, a post that covered Global Commitments, Counter-Terrorism, and cross-Whitehall coordination for International operations, before being selected as the Deputy Principal Staff Officer to the Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS).  Regularly travelling overseas, this role involved responsibility for the programming, financial, personnel, procurement, and International aspects of CDS’s portfolio, as well as the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review.

More recently, Marshall commanded RAF Waddington, Lincolnshire, the home of the Air ISTAR Force, including command of the RAF’s Airseeker, Reaper, Sentinel, Sentry, Shadow and intelligence analysis capabilities.  Marshall then completed the Higher Command and Staff Course in early 2018 and his next appointment will be as Head Operations (Military) within the Operations Directorate of the MOD.

Future conflict in Lebanon and the changing character of warfare in the Middle East

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Dr David Murphy is a graduate of University College, Dublin and Trinity College, Dublin. He is currently a lecturer in military history and strategic studies at Maynooth University in Ireland. He has also lectured abroad at various institutions including the Dutch Military Academy, Breda, West Point Military Academy and the US Command and Staff College, Fort Leavenworth. His publications include Breaking Point of the French army: the Nivelle Offensive of 1917 (2015) and Lawrence of Arabia (2011), among others. He is a member of the Royal United Services Institute and is an external examiner for the Department of Defence Studies of King’s College, London (UK Joint Services Command and Staff College, Shrivenham). He is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society. In recent years, his research has focused on the First World War and also the history of the Middle East. During his visiting fellowship at Oxford, his research will focus on the potential for future conflict in Lebanon.


Exploring Changes in the Trilateral Interaction among the State, Rebel Groups, and Local Population

Dr Kazuhiro Obayashi is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Law at Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo. He was previously a visiting researcher at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) in 2007 and 2012, and a consultant for the World Bank in 2006-2007. He is the author of Rebel Recruitment and Information Problems (Routledge, 2018), which explores the conditions under which rebel groups tend to rely more on coercion and inducement for recruitment. He is also a co-editor of Power Shift and Global Governance (Yuhikaku Publishing, 2018) published in Japanese. His articles have appeared in journals such as Asian Journal of Comparative Politics and International Area Studies Review. As a visiting fellow at the CCW, he is primarily conducting research on the state’s choice of counterinsurgency techniques that are intended to exploit the agency problems inside rebel groups. He is also engaged in research on the role of legislatures in conflict-ridden semi-democracies as well as a survey project on the relationship between war-time rebel governance and the postwar state legitimacy. Obayashi received his PhD in political science from the George Washington University, and MA in International Relations from the University of Chicago.

Is the UN Charter still relevant?


Former UN Assistant Secretary General with political affairs with 34 experience working for the UN and shortly the OSCE in many of the world’s trouble spots such as in Haiti, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq and Sierra Leone with shorter assignments in Syria, Somalia, the Balkan and the Sahel. His experience involved the whole range of UN activities from development and humanitarian assistance to management, political affairs and recently peacekeeping. He has undertaken special missions for the UN such as negotiating Geneva Peace terms with Mujahedeen commanders, hostage release with the Taliban leadership, return of Kurdish refugees with Peshmerga leadership or investigate reports of Iraqi Shiite fleeing into the Marshlands. He participated in the Iran-Iraq ceasefire negotiations and the Afghanistan 6+2 talks and conducted various strategic reviews for UN peace missions.

Schulenburg has written extensively on peace operations and internal UN reforms. In 2017, he published a book On Building Peace – Rescuing the Nation-state and Saving the United Nations (Amsterdam University Press, 2017).

Hybrid Interference And Democratic Resilience


Mikael Wigell (PhD, London School of Economics) is Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and Adjunct Professor in International Political Economy at the University of Tampere. He has previously held research fellowships at the Academy of Finland and the Torcuato di Tella University, Buenos Aires. His work on geoeconomics, major power geostrategy (Brazil, China and Russia), political regime analysis and Latin American political economy has been published in journals such as World Development, International Affairs, Comparative Strategy, Democratization, Asia Europe Journal, International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, and Global Affairs. He is the editor of Geo-Economics and Power Politics in the 21st Century: The Revival of Economic Statecraft (Routledge, 2019). He has been a Member of the Development Policy Committee of the Finnish Government and is currently President of the Finnish International Studies Association. During his time as CCW Visiting Fellow, he will be analysing ‘hybrid interference’ as a strategic concept and practice, and ways to improve liberal democratic resilience against such external interference.

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Hybrid Warfare in the Context if Russian Military Thought

Chris Bellamy is Professor Emeritus of Maritime Security at the University of Greenwich. A specialist in Russian military affairs, he won the Westminster medal for military literature 2008 for Absolute War:  Soviet Russia in the Second World War (Pan Macmillan 2007) which has been translated into several languages. He was Director of the Greenwich Maritime Institute from 2010 to 2014 and previously headed the Security Studies Institute, Cranfield University at the Defence Academy of the UK.   From 1990 to 1997 he was Defence Correspondent of the Independent newspaper.

Is there strategic utility in State sponsored High Value Targeting and what can be learned from the geopolitical effects of past initiatives to accurately predict future conflict development, with specific reference to operations conducted against the Black September Organisation, Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia and Al-Qaeda in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan

Chevening Fellow, Application of UAVs in 21st Amphibious Operations

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Dr Huwei Fan is an associate professor and Director of India and South Asia Studies of Foreign Military Research Department, National Defense University, PLA, Beijing, China. He holds a DPhil in Military Science on Command & Control Studies, a MPhil in Defense Strategic Studies, and a MPhil in Logistics Command. His research and teaching in NDU focus on Amphibious Warfare, Special Operations, US Operational Art, and Indian Defense Studies.

Commissioned from the Armoured Forces Engineering Academy in 1996 with a B.S. in Armoured Vehicles Electronic Control Engineering, Colonel Huwei Fan’s career began as a platoon leader in 39th Group Army. After 2 years he was selected to be a staff officer in division headquarter, and then in Group Army headquarter. He finished his MPhil in Logistics Command Academy in 2003 and Phd in NDU, PLA in 2007. He then carried out a postdoctoral research on Combat Effectiveness Studies on armed forces in Information age in Department of Joint Operations, NDU, PLA. He took the National Security and War Course (NSWC)2014-15 in NDU, Islamabad, Pakistan, the 36th Defense and Strategic Studies Course (DSSC) 2015-16 in International College of Defense Studies (ICDS), NDU, PLA. Dr. Huwei Fan is the director of India and South Asia Studies of Foreign Military Research Department, NDU, PLA, Beijing, China.

Dr. Huwei Fan translated 11 books, doctrines and reports on US and other western militaries. Among these, Sea Basing Series on US Navy, Joint Operation Planning Procedure are very popular in defense communities. His publications appear in journals such as NDU Journal, Foreign Military Studies, and Joint Operations Journal, etc. He also provides academic consultative services for services, headquarters and other academic study centres.

Understanding Disengagement from Political Violence and Conflict Transformation among Former Loyalist Combatants in Northern Ireland

Neil Ferguson is Professor of Political Psychology at Liverpool Hope University and a Visiting Research Fellow to the Changing Character of War Programme at Pembroke College, Oxford. His research has focused on political conflict and its psychological implications since he studied towards his PhD at the University of Ulster (1998). His current research focuses on processes of engagement, involvement in and disengagement from politically motivated violence focusing on paramilitary groups based in Northern Ireland. He has published in both psychology and politics journals, edited and contributed to a number of edited volumes and offered critical advice to various governments, security agencies and NGOs on issues around radicalization, terrorism and counter-terrorism.

How the Military Innovate Within the Changing Character of War.

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Wg Cdr Ruth Harris is a Logistics Officer in the Royal Air Force and has most recently served as Officer Commanding ground operations at RAF Brize Norton, leading large-scale change across logistics application in air mobility operations. Originally an aid worker in central Africa, Ruth commissioned into the RAF in 1997. She holds an MSc in Conflict Studies and Development, MSc in Logistics Management, MA in Defence Studies and MSc in Veterinary Physiotherapy. She has completed dissertations on wide ranging subjects; Child Soldiers in the DROC; Small Budget, Big Impact Logistics; Victim Blame – The Channel Islanders after WWII; and The Impact of Exercise Surfaces on the Equine Musculoskeletal Frame. Ruth has considerable and varied operational experience, establishing the RAF Rotary Wing Logistics Base in Kosovo, in Northern Turkey supporting the No Fly Zone over Iraq, deployments into Iraq including the British Embassy in Baghdad and as part of the team coordinating the UK drawdown in Basra. She has deployed in support of humanitarian operations in the DROC, Chad and Sierra Leone, and in Pakistan and Indonesia following natural disasters. She was the Royal Air Force Liaison Officer for the Western USA from 2001-4, a period of considerable change in the political and military focus. She has spent a considerable time in Afghanistan and travelled extensively across the country during recent NATO operations as an advisor. She has completed tours in the NATO Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, during a period that saw Russian activity in Ukraine and she was Directing Staff on the UK Advanced Command and Staff Course, working alongside King College London to re-write and deliver modules on Strategy and Policy, International Security and the Realities of Conflict.


U.S. Navy Hudson Visiting Fellow

Originally from San Diego, California, Justin is a career naval officer who most recently served as Commanding Officer of the Guided Missile Destroyer USS BENFOLD (DDG 65), forward deployed to Yokosuka, Japan.

Commissioned from the United States Merchant Marine Academy in 1998 with a B.S. in Marine Transportation and Logistics and an unlimited 3rd Mate’s License in the American Merchant Marine, Justin also holds a Master’s of Science degree in Systems Engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, and undergraduate credentials in National Security Affairs from the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island.

His sea duty assignments include tours in Communications, Engineering, Operations, and Human Resources aboard three Destroyers, a Cruiser, and three Aircraft Carriers, making numerous deployments throughout the Pacific, Indian Ocean, and Arabian Gulf in support of United Nations sanctions enforcement, stability operations, anti-piracy operations, and humanitarian assistance - disaster response.  Ashore, Justin served as an Executive Assistant to the Superintendent of the Naval Postgraduate School, as an Associate Fellow with the Chief of Naval Operations Strategic Studies Group, and as a Legislative Liaison to the U.S. Congress.  With more than 20 years of operational foreign policy experience in the Western Pacific and Middle East, Justin hopes to gain a much deeper appreciation of European affairs while in residence at Oxford.

Some of Justin’s personal interests including flying, high-power rocketry, and cooking.  He is also an avid home brewer and enjoys experimenting with new types of beer.


Dr Robert Jackson is the Fletcher Jones Professor of Government and International Relations at the University of Redlands in California and a Senior Associate/Visiting Fellow, University of Oxford Programme on the Character of War, Pembroke College, Oxford, UK. He returns to the Changing Character of War Centre at the University of Oxford each Trinity Term. He also holds the positions of Distinguished Research Professor of Political Science at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada and Life Member/Visiting Fellow, Clare Hall, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. He serves as associate Fellow in International Security at Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs) London and is a Director of the Atlantic Council of Canada.

After receiving his doctorate from Pembroke College, University of Oxford, he taught courses in Canadian, Comparative, European, and International Relations at Carleton and McGill Universities for over 35 years. He chaired the department of political science at Carleton, managed the House of Commons Parliamentary Internship institution, and was Executive Secretary of the committee on Atlantic Studies for a decade. He continues to teach international relations and advanced seminars on “International Relations, Security and Crises” at Redlands, Carleton, and other Universities around the world.

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Regional Clusters – a Case Study on NATO’s Northern Group

Tormod Heier is Lieutenant Colonel in the Norwegian Army and holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Oslo. He is a Senior Faculty Advisor at the Norwegian Command and Staff College at the Defence University in Oslo. He is currently a Visiting Fellow at the Changing Character of War Programme at Pembroke College, where he is conducting a case study on NATO’s Northern Group, looking at the conditions under which, how, and to what purpose regional clusters emerge, and what operational benefits and risks they bring. 

In 2016, along with Professor Janne Haaland Matlary, he published Ukraine and Beyond: Russia's Strategic Security Challenge to Europe (Palgrave Macmillan). The volume, described as “the first full-spectrum analysis of Russian and European norms of political action, ranging from international law, ethics, and strategy, to the specific norms for the use of force”, brings together leading scholars from these various fields, examining the differences in norm understanding between Russia and Europe.

Violent non-state groups and hybridity

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Dr Martijn Kitzen is assistant professor of war studies at the Netherlands Defence Academy. His research and teaching focus on irregular warfare and more specifically on counterinsurgency in highly fragmented societies. During his time at the Changing Character of War Programme he will work on a book that seeks to analyse the dynamics of interaction between Western interveners and local power-holders. Martijn has published extensively about Dutch counterinsurgency experiences, and is currently also preparing an English book about the Netherlands’ campaign in Afghanistan’s Uruzgan province. In addition to his scholarly work, he has been involved in pre-deployment training for various nations, worked as in-theatre advisor for the Netherlands’ Task Force Uruzgan, and served as academic advisor for the revision of NATO’s AJP 3.4.4 (counterinsurgency). Martijn holds a PhD in history and a MA in political science and is a former military officer with experience in NATO and UN missions.

The privatisation of war: “Wall Street Goes to War: Implications of and Strategies for Privatized Warfare” 


Dr. Sean McFate is an author, novelist and expert in foreign policy and national security strategy. Currently, he is a Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council, a think tank. He is also a professor of strategy at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and the National Defense University in Washington DC.

McFate’s career began as a paratrooper and officer in the U.S. Army’s storied 82nd Airborne Division. He served under Stanley McChrystal and David Petraeus, and graduated elite training programs, such as the U.S. Army’s jungle warfare school in Panama.

After this, McFate became a private military contractor in Africa. Among his many experiences there, he dealt with warlords, raised small armies, worked with armed groups in the Sahara, transacted arms deals in Eastern Europe, and helped prevent an impending genocide in the Great Lakes region.

In the world of international business, McFate was a Vice President at TD International, a boutique political risk consulting firm with offices in Washington, Houston, Singapore and Zurich. Before this, he was a manager at DynCorp International, a consultant at BearingPoint (now Deloitte Consulting) and an associate at Booz Allen Hamilton. He was also a social scientist for the RAND Corporation.

McFate co-wrote the novels Shadow War and Deep Black (William Morrow), part of the Tom Locke series based on his military experiences. New York Times bestselling author Mark Greaney said: “I was blown away…. simply one of the most entertaining and intriguing books I’ve read in quite some time.” He also authored the non-fiction book The Modern Mercenary: Private Armies and What They Mean for World Order (Oxford University Press) which details how war and world order are changing in the 21st century. The Economist called it a “fascinating and disturbing book.”

A coveted speaker, he has spoken at the British House of Commons, top universities and popular audience venues. He has appeared in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, MSNBC, Fox News, NPR, BBC, Economist, Vice/HBO, The Discovery Channel, American Heroes Channel and other outlets. He has published articles in Foreign Policy, The Atlantic, Politico, The New Republic, Daily Beast, Vice, Salon, War on the Rocks, Military Review and African Affairs. As a scholar, he has authored eight book chapters in edited academic volumes, and published a U.S. Army War College monograph on how to raise foreign armies.

McFate holds a BA from Brown University, a MPP from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, and a PhD in international relations from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). He lives in Washington, DC.


Dr Jeffrey H. Michaels is a Senior Lecturer with the Defence Studies Department, King's College London. He has also worked as a Visiting Research Fellow at the Egmont Institute in Brussels and as a Research Associate in the Department of War Studies at King's.  Earlier experience included working for the US Defense Department and NATO.  His current research is focused on preparation of a fourth edition of Sir Lawrence Freedman's 'The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy'. He is also working on a separate Cold War history project examining the politicization of NATO/Warsaw Pact military balance assessments.

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Agency Problems in Rebel Groups and State’s Counterinsurgency Strategies

Kazuhiro Obayashi is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Law at Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo. He was previously a visiting researcher at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) in 2007 and 2012, and a consultant for the World Bank in 2006-2007. He is the author of Rebel Recruitment and Information Problems(Routledge, 2018), which explores the conditions under which rebel groups tend to rely more on coercion and inducement for recruitment. At CCW, he is conducting research on the state’s counterinsurgency techniques that are intended to exploit agency problems in a rebel group as well as other projects on civil war and peacebuilding.

Military History of India

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Air Vice Marshal Arjun Subramaniam (Retd) is a fighter pilot-scholar-author who recently retired from the Indian Air Force after 36 years in uniform. He is an experienced fighter pilot and pilot instructor who has flown MiG-21s and Mirage-2000s. Among his notable command and staff assignments have been command of a Mig-21 squadron, Chief Operations Officer of a SU-30 base, command of large flying base and a stint as an Assistant Chief of Air Staff looking after Space, Concepts and Doctrine. He has been at the forefront of Professional Military Education in India’s armed forces and served as a faculty member at the Defence Services Staff College (DSSC) and National Defence College (NDC). He has also served as part of the Indian Military Advisory Team in Zambia.

 A P.h.D in Defence and Strategic Studies from the University of Madras, India, he is a prolific writer, strategic commentator, and military historian and writes in the public domain for reputed journals, magazines and newspapers. He is the author of three books including the well-received ‘India’s Wars: A Military History 1947-1971’ that has been published in India by Harper Collins and has been recently published in the US by the US Naval Institute Press. His other books are titled ‘Reflections of an Air Warrior’ and ‘Wider Horizons: Perspectives on National Security, Air Power & Leadership.

He is currently a Visiting Fellow at the Harvard Asia Center to research and write the sequel to his book on war and conflict in contemporary India (1972-2015). He is also a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Power Studies in Washington D.C, and a contributing editor at The Print, an online news and opinion platform. On his current sabbatical, he has lectured at Harvard, MIT, Georgetown, Emory, Georgia Tech, Air War College, NDU and the Carnegie Endowment and is slated to speak extensively on his work at war colleges and universities across the US prior to joining the CCW in January 2018 for the Hilary and Trinity Term. 

Chevening Fellow

Colonel Guilong Yan is an associate professor and Director of Foreign Military Studies Center at the PLA Strategic Support Force Information Engineering University, Luoyang. He holds a DPhil in Foreign Languages and Literature from the PLA Foreign Languages University. His research interests include US foreign policy decision making, interagency coordination, and military net assessment. His publications appear in journals such as China Military Science, Military Art, and World Military Review, etc. His commentaries also appear in the PLA Daily. His monograph The Coordinative Mechanism between the U.S. Departments of State and Defense in the Foreign Policy Process is to be published by the Chinese Social Sciences Press. He is currently a Chevening Fellow at the CCW Center, doing a project on the impact of Artificial Intelligence on Hybrid Warfare.




The Changing Character of War programme at Oxford University is the perfect nexus of world-class scholars and serving soldiers interested in the study of war. Access to this global community of historians, social scientists, and practitioners affords me opportunity to test my latest ideas and lines of inquiry, which in turn refines my scholarship and puts me in a better position to advise the Government of Canada and the various branches of the Canadian Armed Forces.
— Douglas E. Delaney, CD, PhD, FRHistS Professor of History and Canada Research Chair in War Studies Royal Military College of Canada

VRFs 2016-17

Douglas E. Delaney,  CD, PhD, FRHistS, is a Professor of History and Canada Research Chair in War Studies at the Royal Military College of Canada. 

Dr Pontus Rudberg is a historian and museum curator from Stockholm. He received his PhD in history from Uppsala University in Sweden, where he has also taught. His doctoral dissertation, which is being published as a book in 2017, deals with the policies and actions of the Jewish minority in Sweden in relation to the Nazi persecution and the Holocaust. He has also published several articles and book chapters on refugee aid, relief and rescue efforts during the Holocaust. In his current research project, Rudberg studies Sweden’s responses to the US security policy and intelligence work in the Baltic region in the immediate post-war years.

Dr Charly Salonius-Pasternak is a Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA), where he has been since 2006. There he follows both US foreign and security policy, as well as Nordic security and defence issues. In 2009-2010 he served as an international affairs adviser to the senior leadership of the Finnish Defence Forces, while conducting studies at Defence Command’s J5 department. During his Hilary-term visit to CCW, he will focus on how increasing hybridity and the information age impact military/security cooperation, especially between Finland, Sweden, the United States and the United Kingdom. Considering the increased importance assigned to and interest in information operations and strategic communications, and the impact the information age has on them, Charly will concurrently look at the possibility of multinational cooperation in these specific spheres.

Dr Alaric Searle is Professor of Modern European History at the University of Salford, UK; he is also currently Distinguished Visiting Professor, Faculty of History, Nankai University, PRC. His expertise lies in the fields of German history, European military and international history and the theory of war. Among many journal articles, book chapters and other publications, he is the author of Wehrmacht Generals, West German Society, and the Debate on Rearmament, 1949-1959 (2003); his forthcoming book Armoured Warfare: A Military, Political and Global History will be published by Continuum in February 2017. During his time as CCW Visiting Fellow, he will be working on a project which aims to reconsider the ‘principles of war’ within a global framework, in particular analysing the differences between Chinese and Western approaches to military theory.

Dr Katarzyna Zysk is an Associate Professor at the Norwegian Defence University College – the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies in Oslo, a position she has held since 2007. In the academic year 2016–17, she was a Visiting Scholar at the Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) at Stanford University, and currently she is a Visiting Research Fellow at the Changing Character of War Programme at the University of Oxford. She is also a member of the Hoover Institution’s Arctic Security Initiative at Stanford University and was a Research Fellow (resident and non-resident) at the US Naval War College – Center for Naval Warfare Studies, where she also cooperated closely with the War Gaming Department. In 2016, she served as an Acting Dean of the Norwegian Defence University College. Dr Zysk has an academic background in international relations and international history. Following her PhD thesis on NATO enlargement (2006), her research and publications have focused on various aspects of security and strategic studies, in particular Russia’s security and defence policies, including military change and modernization of the Russian armed forces, strategic culture, political philosophy, geopolitics in the Arctic, as well as Russia's sea power and maritime security. Currently, she is writing a book about Russia’s military strategy and used her time at CCW in 2017 to further that research. 

VRFS 2014-15

Group Captain John Alexander (RAF) is spending one term as a Trenchard Fellow at CCW. His research paper is entitled ‘A Return to the “British Way in Warfare”: the Diffusion of Power in the International System and the Implications for British Defence Strategy after Afghanistan’. The intent is to highlight the importance of air power given the return of geopolitics and geography to the international system. The paper will therefore be a counter to the Army ‘war amongst the people’, liberal nation building, and population-centric counter-insurgency narrative.

Lieutenant General Sir David Capewell is a British Royal Marines officer currently serving as Chief of Joint Operations. He has just joined the Programme as a Royal Navy Hudson Fellow.

Commander Joseph Gagliano is the US Navy Hudson Fellow for 2014–15

Rear Admiral (rtd) James Goldrick AO, CSC, RANR was a senior officer in the Royal Australian Navy until he retired from full-time service in 2012. He commanded HMA Ships Cessnock and Sydney (twice), the multinational maritime interception force in the Persian Gulf and the Australian Defence Force Academy. He led Australia’s Border Protection Command and later commanded the Australian Defence College. He is a Fellow at the Lowy Institute for International Policy. A Visiting Fellow of the Sea Power Centre-Australia, an Adjunct Professor of the University of NSW at ADFA and a Professorial Fellow of ANCORS, his research interests include naval and maritime strategic issues in the Indo-Pacific, as well as the response of navies to changing technologies and operational challenges.

Major-General James Hockenhull is spending two terms with the programme as an Army Defence Fellow. Professor John Kelsay is Chair of the Department of Religion at Florida State University. His research is focussed on religious ethics, particularly in relation to the Islamic and Christian traditions. His current work deals with religion and politics and religion and war. Professor Kelsay plans to spend Hilary Term with CCW while he is on Sabbatical from his home institution. 

Lieutenant General (Rtd) Sir John Kiszely KCB MC DL was commissioned into the Scots Guards and served in Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Germany, Cyprus, the Falkland Islands, Bosnia and Iraq. Appointments included command of 1st Armoured Division, Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff, Deputy Commander of Coalition Forces in Iraq, and Director General of the Defence Academy. Since retirement from the Army in 2008, he has served as Deputy Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Imperial War Museum, National President of the Royal British Legion, and Visiting Professor in War Studies at King`s College London. He is currently conducting research for a book on the British campaign in Norway in 1940.

Professor Keith Krause is Professor at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland, Director of its Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding (CCDP), and Programme Director of the Small Arms Survey, an internationally recognized research centre NGO he founded in 2001. Professor Krause’s research interests include concepts of security, the changing character of contemporary armed violence, and multilateral security cooperation. He has published Arms and the State (Cambridge) and edited or co-edited Critical Security Studies (Minnesota), and Culture and Security, and authored many journal articles and book chapters. During his sabbatical in Oxford, he is pursuing research on political violence and the state.

Dr Hyeloung Lee will come to CCW from the Trial Division (Chamber) of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, Netherlands. Her research interests include international humanitarian law, international criminal law, the crime of aggression, and mixed types of conflicts involving unrecognized entities. She is coming to Oxford to expand on and prepare for publication her doctoral research on the applicability of the crime of aggression to armed conflicts involving quasistates.

Major Conn MacEvilly has been a Barrister for seventeen years and is areservist with the British Army. He is joining CCW to carry out research into how the reserve component of the Whole Force Concept could be delivered. His research will consider whether the changes to employment law and practice, and to the culture of mobilisation and compulsory military training of reservists, deemed necessary by allies with similar societies are achievable in the UK. It will look at how British society’s relations with and attitude to our reserve forces have changed historically,and how these changes have been reflected (or not) in our laws over time and in how our Reserves have actually been used. [Fellowship awarded but deferred until academic year 2015–16.]

Lukas Milevski joins the Programme from Reading University where he completed his PhD under Colin Gray. He is writing a history of grand strategic thought in practice. It is hoped that the two hundred year overview of grand strategy he proposes will reveal the dynamic relationship between changing (grand) strategic ideas and the changing character of war.

Group Captain Paul O’Neill is a serving Royal Air Force Officer. The end of combat operations in Afghanistan ushers in an era of ‘contingency’, in which the UK’s combat edge is increasingly dependent on the quality of its people, but the implications of this are not well understood. Having been responsible for Personnel Strategy and the Defence School of Personnel Administration, his research interest is in the area of human capability. Viewing the issue through an organizational lens, his work will consider how Defence needs to change to become more agile so that it is able to develop and use its human capability to meet the challenges of tomorrow.

Professor Douglas Porch is Distinguished Professor and former Chair of the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. Professor Porch has served as Professor of Strategy at the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, and has also lectured at the United States Marine Corps University at Quantico, Virginia, the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and the NATO Defense College in Rome, Italy.

Professor Porch has published extensively. His most recent book, Counterinsurgency: The origins, Development and Myths of the New War of War, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2013. At present, he is researching a book on French combatants in World War II.

Captain Joseph Robinson is British Army Defence Fellow. During his two terms in Oxford, he has been researching political philosophy in stabilisation strategy.

Captain Thomas Ross is British Army Defence Fellow looking at the 2011 UK intervention in Libya.

Colonel (Retd) Dr Randall Wakelam is an Assistant Professor of History and War Studies at the Royal Military College of Canada. As a serving officer he flew helicopters for the Canadian Army, becoming CO of 408 Squadron in 1991. Along the way he held staff appointments in aircraft procurement and language training policy. Since 1993 he has been an educator, first in uniform at the Canadian Forces College in Toronto and now at RMCC. He writes in the fields of air power, leadership,and military education. In 2009 he published The Science of Bombing: Operational Research in RAF Bomber Commandand in 2010 co-edited The Report of the Officer Development Board: Maj-Gen Roger Rowley and the Education of the Canadian Forces . In 2011 he published Cold War Fighters: Canadian Aircraft Procurement, 1945–54with UBC Press and is currently working on a biography of Air Marshal Wilfred Curtis who was Chief of the Air Staff in the RCAF during that same period. (Michaelmas Term)

Captain Jon White  is the RN Hudson Fellow. Captain White’s research is on maritime security in Sierra Leone.

VRFs 2013-14

Commander Bobby Baker was the U.S. Navy Hudson Fellow for academic year 2013–14. He previously served as the Commanding Officer of Strike Fighter Squadron 192. His research focused on the European Union’s Naval Force Operation Atlanta that was launched to prevent and combat acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia. He investigated why and how this operation was created and its global impact on international maritime security cooperation.

Lieutenant Ryan Coatalen-Hodgson, RN Hudson Fellow (Trinity Term, 2013) used his term in Oxford to prepare for his deployment to Russia.

Major-General Christopher Elliott was formerly the Director General of Doctrine and Development, British Army and latterly Director of Doctrine and Strategic Analysis for General Dynamics UK Ltd. During his fellowship he wrote High Command (2014). He remains a Research Associate of the Programme.

Squadron Leader Tim Fawdry-Jeffries was one of the Royal Air Force Fellows in 2013–14. His research focused on how the creation of a sufficiently compelling perception of victory can influence, and even take primacy over, the tangible outcomes of conflict. He used the 2nd Lebanon War and the Gaza War as exemplars to propose methods by which a successful narrative of victory can be constructed.

Captain Neil Foot-Tapping is a British Army officer from the 9th/12th  Royal Lancers. His research examined the ability of the UK to exert power following restructuring and transformation, looking particularly at the adaptive force and upstream capacity building. He moved on to the Defence Academy in Shrivenham in 2014 for the Intermediate Command and Staff Course.

Major Mirjam Grandia Mantas is a serving officer in the Netherlands army. She has conducting a comparative analysis of why and how the United Kingdom and the Netherlands have deployed their military forces for the stabilisation of South Afghanistan at the University Leiden and spent a term with CCW as part of her research.

Professor Agustin Guimera is a Spanish naval historian. He spent Hilary Term 2014 in Oxford while working on a book on Jervis/Mazarredo 1797–1799.

Major Metin Gurcan, of the Turkish military and Turkish Staff College, came to Oxford in Hilary Term 2014 while working on a book on COIN efforts in TRMEs (Tribalized Rural Muslim Environments). He is the CCW-TAF link in our institutional relationship and will return to the Programme in 2015–16.

Mitsuko Hayashi was Defence Counsellor (Head of the Defence Team) in the Embassy of Japan in London and now serves in the defence section of the Japanese Government. She spent one term in Oxford during her time in the London Embassy.

Professor Men Hongua is KF Chair Professor and Deputy Director of the Centre for International Strategic Studies at the Central Party School, Beijing, China. He spent Michaelmas Term 2013 and Hilary Term 2014 with the Programme while on Sabbatical.

Dr Zhong Jing was one of two Chevening Government-Exchange Research Fellows. She produced a paper on ‘Space Security and Strategic Stability’ during her two terms in Oxford.

Group Captain Richard Mason (Michaelmas 2013 and Hilary Term 2014) is a serving Royal Air Force Officer who has just completed the Ministry of Defence’s Higher Command and Staff Course. His research into the impact of remote warfare on the moral component of Air Fighting Power used Remotely Piloted Air Systems as an exemplar. It focused on the implications of ‘killing from afar’ on the morale and ethos of the crews involved.

Colonel Rob Rider is former Commander of the Military Assistance Group. He used his term with CCW to examine how the British Army could devise more effective, culturally-aware, and collaborative methods of intervention and interaction with indigenous security forces.

Captain Joseph Robinson, Army Defence Fellow (Trinity and Michaelmas 2014 – see left for details)

Captain Thomas Ross, Army Defence Fellow (Trinity and Michaelmas 2014 – see left for details)

Captain Sean Ryan works on open source intelligence issues. His paper looked at the influence of the internet on freely available information, and how traditional intelligence architectures can adapt to a changed calculation of information asymmetry.

Captain James Sides (Michaelmas Term, 2013) is an officer of the Intelligence Corps who conducted research into the transformation of his corps during the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, particularly the change of emphasis to human terrain analysis.

Dr Deividas Slekys is a lecturer at the Lithuanian Military Academy. He spent two terms in Oxford as part of his research on military thought and its evolution in Lithuania since 1990 and will be returning to Oxford in 2015 to continue his collaborative research with the Programme.

Air Commodore Andrew Turner spent Hilary Term 2014 in Oxford after returning from service in the White House and Pentagon in Washington DC and as preparation for his next appointment. He researched the relative weight Governments apply between vital national interests and core values when determining whether to commit force and subsequently in the formulation of military strategies. He went on to command 22 Group, responsible for future development in the RAF.

Lt Col Alexandre Vautravers is Professor of International Relations, Webster University Geneva and Head of Military Intelligence (G2), 1st Armored Brigade, Swiss Armed Forces. He also edits the Swiss Military Review. He spent some of his sabbatical with the Programme in 2013–14.

Dr Neil Verrall is a Principal Psychologist with the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl). He is a senior member of DSTL’s Human Systems Group and his career has focused on the human dimension of military behaviour and performance. As an applied scientist Neil deployed to Iraq (2007) and Afghanistan (2008, 2009, 2011) in order to conduct human sciences research and lead Dstl’s operational analysis capability in deployed headquarters. Neil has also been awarded a NATO Excellence Award for his contribution to various research groups studying the cultural factors of multinational forces and coalitions. Neil’s research for the Changing Character of War programme focussed on Defence and cross-Government strategic communication and influence.

Col (Retd) Dr Randall Wakelam (Hilary, Trinity and Michaelmas Terms 2014 – see left for details)

Captain Jon White, RN Hudson Fellow (Hilary, Trinity and Michaelmas Terms 2014 – see above for details)

Dr Paul Winter is a military historian and author. He came to Oxford while working on a book on Operation ‘Overlord’ to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the D-Day landings.

Dr Li Xiaolu was one of two Chevening Government-Exchange Research Fellows. Her paper looked at Sino-US relations in the coming decade.

Professor Xiao Xi is Professor of International Politics at Jilan University, Changchun City, P.R. China. She was awarded a China State Scholarship to spend two terms in Oxford.