Current Visiting Fellows Hilary Term 2017
Dr Charly Salonius-Pasternak is a Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA), where he has been since 2006. There he follows both US foreign and security policy, as well as Nordic security and defence issues. In 2009-2010 he served as an international affairs adviser to the senior leadership of the Finnish Defence Forces, while conducting studies at Defence Command’s J5 department. During his Hilary-term visit to CCW, he will focus on how increasing hybridity and the information age impact military/security cooperation, especially between Finland, Sweden, the United States and the United Kingdom. Considering the increased importance assigned to and interest in information operations and strategic communications, and the impact the information age has on them, Charly will concurrently look at the possibility of multinational cooperation in these specific spheres.
Dr Pontus Rudberg is a historian and museum curator from Stockholm. He received his PhD in history from Uppsala University in Sweden, where he has also taught. His doctoral dissertation, which is being published as a book in 2017, deals with the policies and actions of the Jewish minority in Sweden in relation to the Nazi persecution and the Holocaust. He has also published several articles and book chapters on refugee aid, relief and rescue efforts during the Holocaust. In his current research project, Rudberg studies Sweden’s responses to the US security policy and intelligence work in the Baltic region in the immediate post-war years.
Dr Larry R. Leibrock is the Fulbright-Schuman Fellow working in the Changing Character of War (CCW) research programme. Larry’s primary clinical teaching and research interests are in the fields of intelligence, strategic studies, information assurance and digital forensics. A former US army officer and US intelligence community - field operation officer, Larry has served in airborne infantry, air cavalry and intelligence field operations in Germany, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Gulf States. He was medically retired in 2013 after sustaining combat injuries while serving in Afghanistan. Presently, he is examining new war theory and the hybrid conflicts in Yemen and the Persian Gulf region. He has special interest in assessing the roles of violent non-state actors (VNSA) as elite catalysts for regional conflict in areas characterized by governance failures, resource scarcity, economic stagnation and rapidly changing demographics.
Colonel Xiaomin Huang is the Director for Military Asistance at the Office of International Military Cooperation, Ministry of National Defence, China. His role is to oversee the strategic planning, implementation and evaluation of military assistance to foreign countries by the Chinese military. During his Visiting Fellowship, he will produce on research paper on the possibility of a major war between the nuclear powers. Since the end of the Cold War, thanks to the increasing integration of the world economy, the democratisation of international relations, and nuclear deterrence, war between the great powers has become much more unlikely than in previous decades. Mr Huang’s research will consider to what extent the risk of a WW2-style conflict between major powers has abated. He will review the doctrine of mutually assured destruction, exploring the effect of new frontier and destructive technologies on nuclear deterrence, the possible causes of war between nuclear powers, and the possibility of the use of nuclear weapons, both tactically and strategically in war. Both qualitative and quantitative methods will be used in the research.
Colonel Hongtao Guo is the Deputy DG, European and Central Asian Affairs Bureau at the Office for International Military Cooperation, in the Ministry of National Defense, China. The topic of his research during the fellowship will be "the impact of the changing characters of war on international relations". Having worked in the Office for International Military Cooperation for 18 years, he has developed a professional interest, and analytical skills in international politics and war. During his fellowship, he will write a paper on how the changes in war itself affect international relations: the effect of the changing character of war on the state and military leaders when they make decisions. As modern warfare is entering into cyber and outer space, he will consider whether new factors are at play when states decide to go war. This fellowship will offer Mr Guo the opportunity for systematic study of this topic and help him to develop new ways of thinking which he will apply to his work on his return to China.
Simon Akam will use his time at the Changing Character of War Programme to work on his book ‘The Changing of the Guard,’ an examination of the recent evolution of the British Army to be published by Penguin Random House imprint William Heinemann. Born in Cambridge, Simon held a Gap Year Commission in the British Army before reading English Literature at Oxford. He later won a Fulbright scholarship to study at Columbia Journalism School in New York. After graduation Simon worked at The New York Times and subsequently spent several years in West Africa as a correspondent for Reuters and the Economist, before working for Newsweek back in the UK. His writing and journalism have appeared in numerous other publications including the Guardian, the Washington Post, the Economist, the Financial Times and the Independent. His website is simonakam.com and he tweets @simonakam.
Dr Robert Jackson is the Fletcher Jones Professor of Government and International Relations at the University of Redlands in California. He spends each Trinity Term in Oxford as a Visiting Fellow of the Changing Character of War Programme. After receiving his doctorate from Pembroke College, Oxford, he taught courses in Canadian, Comparative and International Relations at Carleton and McGill Universities for 35 years. He continues to teach international relations at Redlands, Carleton, and other Universities around the world. He has served as Senior Policy Advisor to two Canadian Prime Ministers and a Deputy Prime Minister, worked in the Privy Council Office (Cabinet Office) and has been a member of the Advisory Board of the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. He is a continuing Director of the Atlantic Council of Canada. Professor Jackson is the author and co-author of 38 books and some 50 articles. Cambridge University Press published his newest book on international politics Global Politics in the 21st Century in August 2013.
Dr Andrew Monaghan is Senior Research Fellow in the Russia and Eurasia Programme at Chatham House and Founder-Director of the Russia Research Network, an independent organisation for the generation of information and expertise on Russian politics, security and economic issues based in London. Until late 2012, he led the Russia related research in the Research Division of the NATO Defence College (NDC) in Rome. In this role, he was also the NDC’s senior researcher on energy security matters. He has served as an expert witness to several parliamentary committees including the UK’s National Security Strategy Committee, the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Select Committee, and NATO’s Parliamentary Assembly. Dr Monaghan’s latest book The New Politics of Russia – Interpreting Change is to be published by Manchester University Press in 2016.
Dr Jeffrey H. Michaels is a Senior Lecturer with the Defence Studies Department, King's College London. He has also worked as a Visiting Research Fellow at the Egmont Institute in Brussels and as a Research Associate in the Department of War Studies at King's. Earlier experience included working for the US Defense Department and NATO. His current research is focused on preparation of a fourth edition of Sir Lawrence Freedman's 'The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy'. He is also working on a separate Cold War history project examining the politicization of NATO/Warsaw Pact military balance assessments.
Dr Peter G. Thompson is an Associate Professor in the College of International Security Affairs at the US National Defense University. His research interests include international relations theory, political economy of international security, great power engagement and the rise of China, North Korea, and armed groups. His current research project focuses on threat perception among state and nonstate actors in a complex security environment. He previously taught at the University of California, Los Angeles; Loyola Marymount University; and Michigan State University. He received his BA in government from the University of Texas at Austin and his MA and PhD in political science from the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of Armed Groups: The 21st Century Threat (Rowman & Littlefield, 2014), in addition to articles in the Annual Review of Political Science, Asian Security, and Security Studies.
Dr Alaric Searle is Professor of Modern European History at the University of Salford, UK; he is also currently Distinguished Visiting Professor, Faculty of History, Nankai University, PRC. His expertise lies in the fields of German history, European military and international history and the theory of war. Among many journal articles, book chapters and other publications, he is the author of Wehrmacht Generals, West German Society, and the Debate on Rearmament, 1949-1959 (2003); his forthcoming book Armoured Warfare: A Military, Political and Global History will be published by Continuum in February 2017. During his time as CCW Visiting Fellow, he will be working on a project which aims to reconsider the ‘principles of war’ within a global framework, in particular analysing the differences between Chinese and Western approaches to military theory.
Justin Orlich is a United States Naval Officer who is a graduate of the United States Naval Academy. He is in Oxford as the US Hudson Fellow for the academic year 2016/17. Justin has significant naval operational experience spanning over twenty years. His initial sea duty assignment was as the Communications Officer in USS CHOSIN (CG 65) followed by a Division Officer tour in USS FLETCHER (DD 992) as the Combat Information Center Officer and later as the Operations Officer. Next he was assigned to the USS HOPPER (DDG 70) stationed in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii as the Operations Officer for his first Department Head Tour. Following HOPPER he reported to the Staff of Destroyer Squadron FIVE ZERO, based in Manama, Bahrain, as the staff N3. While at DESRON 50 he managed a myriad of operations throughout the C5F AOR, from the protection of the Iraqi Oil Platforms in the Northern Arabian Gulf to anti-piracy operations off the coast of Somalia. Justin was selected to attend the Surface Warfare Officer's MBA program in 2000. He subsequently graduated in 2002 from Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management where he earned a Masters Degree in Business Administration. In 2007, he attended the French Staff College in Paris, France where he completed his Joint Professional Military Education. On shore he served on the Office of the Chief of Naval Operation’s Staff (OPNAV N86), Arlington, Virginia as the Naval Integrated Fire Control - Counter Air (NIFC-CA) Requirements Officer and most recently as the Deputy for Current Operations at USPACOM at Camp Smith, Hawaii.
Lieutenant Commander Dr Matt Offord PhD is the Royal Navy Royal Navy Hudson Visiting Fellow. Matt joined Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth in 1989 as a Seaman Officer. Following three exciting years of training in the UK, Mediterranean, Africa, the Far East, the South Atlantic, and South America he joined the Submarine Service. As a Submarine Warfare Officer, Matt served in the Arctic and Antarctic as well as a number of visits to the eastern United States. From 1998, Matt trained as a Minewarfare and Clearance Diving Officer with roles as Operations Officer and Executive Officer on four Mine Countermeasures and Clearance Vessels. As Executive Officer on HMS Brocklesby, Matt served in the lead ship in the Kwa Abd Allah waterway in southern Iraq in 2003 to open Umm Qasr to the sea and humanitarian aid. It was after this time that Matt discovered his love for research and learning. In 2006 he obtained an MBA in Leadership Studies from the University of Strathclyde. In 2010 he began his PhD study of leadership in the Royal Navy. He comlpeted this in August 2016. During his time as the Hudson Fellow, he hopes to develop further research into resistance to leadership; once again combining leadership studies with anthropology.
Justin Holt recently retired as a Colonel in the Royal Marines Commandos after a 30-year career. Justin commanded on operations at every level during his military career. Tours of duty include: Arabian Gulf (1988), Iraq (1991, 2003), Northern Ireland (1991-93), Special Boat Service (1993-95), Afghanistan, (2002, ’08), Libya (2014), Syria (2015). His last appointment in the military was as the Deputy Commander of a Coalition Special Operations Task Force in Syria. He was awarded an MBE for leadership in combat operations in 2003 and also holds a Queen’s Commendation for Valuable Service in Northern Ireland. During his military career, Justin was able to pursue academic interests that include: an MA in Defence Studies from King’s College London (KCL), an MSc in War and Psychiatry also from KCL, and an MPhil from the University of Cambridge in International Relations. His research while at CCW will focus on a comparative analysis of transformation programs in the British and Colombian Armies.