Dr Johnson, members of CCW, and University of Oxford colleagues mentor professional Visiting Fellows of the CCW Centre. The Visiting Research Fellows to CCW are drawn from across the academic and professional worlds, with senior officers of the United States, European and United Kingdom armed forces especially strongly represented. 

Our VRFs often join CCW prior to taking up a major new appointment, using their time with us to develop their thinking, broadening their understanding and engaging with some of the most respected academic specialists. In other cases, senior visitors have had the opportunity, through CCW, to articulate and test their ideas, and obtain rigorous feedback. Amongst these, James de Waal, a senior civil servant, was able to develop his work on civil-military relations and its effect on the making of policy. CCW is also assisting the British Army on future doctrine.

“After a life largely outside academic circles, I needed considerable guidance and this was readily and generously given by my supervisor at Oxford University, Sir Hew Strachan… I worked at Oxford within the Changing Character of Warfare Programme…and I am grateful for the considerable help given by the Directors, Dr Rob Johnson and Dr Jan Lemnitzer, and the programme coordinator Ruth Murray as I unravelled what the University had to offer.”
— Major-General (rtd) Christopher Elliott, in the Prologue to High Command (Hurst, 2015)

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Wildlife conservation as it is being practised now in the context of a violent, ethnically-politicised war in South Sudan.  

A former British army officer, Adrian Garside brings over 25 years of experience in policy and execution, addressing conflicts in Africa, the Balkans and Middle East.  A strategic planning officer at the UN Headquarters, adviser to the African Union mission in Darfur and the UK government's first Stabilisation Adviser in Sudan, he has first-hand experience tackling complex, violent conflicts in a range of settings. He has spent the past 6 years at the interface between politicised violence and wildlife conservation in South Sudan’s ongoing civil war.

The Great Middle Eastern War

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Larry P. Goodson is Professor of Middle East Studies at the US Army War College, where he is the only person to hold the General Dwight D. Eisenhower Chair of National Security twice (2014-2017, 2004-2007). Dr Goodson has been continually called upon to serve as a regional adviser on Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Middle East by senior US military and political leaders. Among his other academic appointments, Dr Goodson taught at the American University in Cairo (1994-2000) and conducted his dissertation field work in Peshawar, Pakistan (1986-1987). Dr Goodson completed all of his academic work at the University of North Carolina. He is the author of the New York Times bestselling Afghanistan’s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban (2001) as well as numerous chapters and articles. Currently, he is writing “The Great Middle Eastern War, which argues that the Syrian Civil War is the opening phase of the first “great war” of the 21st century.

Dr. Goodson has lived in Egypt, Pakistan, and Afghanistan and travelled extensively in the Middle East and South Asia, including India, the Gulf countries, North Africa, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, and Cyprus. He has lectured on Afghanistan, Pakistan, Islam, and the Middle East to audiences at more than 100 universities, schools, and organisations, and been interviewed more than 1000 times on those subjects since September 11, 2001.

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Evolutions in Political Authority: Implications for the Character of War

Chris Holloway comes to the Changing Character of War programme from the Australian Department of Defence, where he has worked in recent years to develop accounts of the Australian Defence Force’s Future Operating Environment and associated military-strategic concepts of operation. He has an extensive background in capability analysis with particular application to the development of future force design options and the identification of capability risk. 

In 2016 Chris was seconded to the Development Concepts and Doctrine Centre (UK Ministry of Defence) and in 2014 to the Australian National University to undertake research into ideas of sovereignty in cyberspace. He holds a BA(Hons) from the University of Melbourne and postgraduate degrees from the Universities of Melbourne and New South Wales, and the Australian National University. Whilst at CCW, Chris will seek to analyse large-scale trends and changes in the organisation of political authority and the implications these might have for the historical structure of warfare.  

Hudson Fellow

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Originally from Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Commander Malandrino was commissioned and graduated with merit from the United States Naval Academy in 1998 with a degree in History. He also holds a Master’s Degree in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College and was selected as the President’s Honor Graduate. 

Commander Malandrino’s operational assignments include flying the F-14 Tomcat while being with the “Black Knights” of VF-154 in Atsugi, Japan, where he deployed in support of Operations Southern Watch and Iraqi Freedom aboard USS Kitty Hawk (CV 63). He transitioned to the F/A-18 Super Hornet and then flew with the “Checkmates” of VFA-211 where he deployed in support of Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom aboard the USS Enterprise (CVN 65). Next, he flew with the “Jolly Rogers” of VFA- 103 where he deployed in support of Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom aboard the USS Eisenhower (CVN 69) and was recognized as the 2012 Michael G. Hoff Atlantic Fleet Attack Aviator of the Year. Most recently, he commanded the “Diamondbacks” of Strike Fighter Squadron One Zero Two where he deployed aboard the USS George Washington (CVN 73) and USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) in support of U.S. Asian foreign policy goals while based in Atsugi, Japan. He has flown 90 combat missions over Iraq and Afghanistan, logged 3,376 hours of flight time, and made 768 carrier arrested landings.

Ashore, after graduating from the United States Navy’s Fighter Weapons School (TOPGUN), he served as a Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor and as the training officer at Strike Fighter Weapons School Atlantic Fleet. He also worked on the Joint Staff, as an action officer and executive assistant in the Strategic Plans and Policy Directorate, Deputy Directorate for Western Hemisphere Politico-Military Affairs. Most recently, he served as the fleet tactical representative to the Office of Naval Research Global. He has been published in Foreign Policy, War on the Rocks, and Over the Front. He has recently researched the impact of service culture on an armed forces’ effectiveness and the future national security environment in Asia.

Strategic intelligence and the role of decision- and policy-makers in the avoidance of strategic surprise

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Having completed an engineering degree at Pembroke College, Cambridge, Group Captain Marshall joined the RAF as a pilot and spent the first 10 years of his career flying the Harrier. During this period, he completed several operational tours, including Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan, and undertook instructional, standardisation, and test and evaluation roles. With experience of Naval Aviation from embarked Harrier deployments on Invincible-class aircraft carriers, he was then appointed as the Requirements Manager for the Joint Strike Fighter programme.  Here he worked closely with US and UK Industry, the US Services, and several other nations, representing UK interests during the development and initial production phases of what continues to be a complex multi-national programme.

Following a brief period in joint weapons procurement within the Ministry of Defence (MOD), he then converted to the Intelligence, Surveillance, Targeting and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) role, taking command of No V (AC) Squadron – then a Joint Army and RAF unit operating Sentinel and Shadow aircraft.  During his command he flew both aircraft types and led the Squadron on operations in Afghanistan, Libya and Mali. After Squadron Command, he returned to the MOD as an Assistant Head within the Operations Directorate, a post that covered Global Commitments, Counter-Terrorism, and cross-Whitehall coordination for International operations, before being selected as the Deputy Principal Staff Officer to the Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS).  Regularly travelling overseas, this role involved responsibility for the programming, financial, personnel, procurement, and International aspects of CDS’s portfolio, as well as the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review.

More recently, Marshall commanded RAF Waddington, Lincolnshire, the home of the Air ISTAR Force, including command of the RAF’s Airseeker, Reaper, Sentinel, Sentry, Shadow and intelligence analysis capabilities.  Marshall then completed the Higher Command and Staff Course in early 2018 and his next appointment will be as Head Operations (Military) within the Operations Directorate of the MOD.

Future conflict in Lebanon and the changing character of warfare in the Middle East

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Dr David Murphy is a graduate of University College, Dublin and Trinity College, Dublin. He is currently a lecturer in military history and strategic studies at Maynooth University in Ireland. He has also lectured abroad at various institutions including the Dutch Military Academy, Breda, West Point Military Academy and the US Command and Staff College, Fort Leavenworth. His publications include Breaking Point of the French army: the Nivelle Offensive of 1917 (2015) and Lawrence of Arabia (2011), among others. He is a member of the Royal United Services Institute and is an external examiner for the Department of Defence Studies of King’s College, London (UK Joint Services Command and Staff College, Shrivenham). He is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society. In recent years, his research has focused on the First World War and also the history of the Middle East. During his visiting fellowship at Oxford, his research will focus on the potential for future conflict in Lebanon.

Exploring Changes in the Trilateral Interaction among the State, Rebel Groups, and Local Population


Dr Kazuhiro Obayashi is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Law at Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo. He was previously a visiting researcher at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) in 2007 and 2012, and a consultant for the World Bank in 2006-2007. He is the author of Rebel Recruitment and Information Problems (Routledge, 2018), which explores the conditions under which rebel groups tend to rely more on coercion and inducement for recruitment. He is also a co-editor of Power Shift and Global Governance (Yuhikaku Publishing, 2018) published in Japanese. His articles have appeared in journals such as Asian Journal of Comparative Politics and International Area Studies Review. As a visiting fellow at the CCW, he is primarily conducting research on the state’s choice of counterinsurgency techniques that are intended to exploit the agency problems inside rebel groups. He is also engaged in research on the role of legislatures in conflict-ridden semi-democracies as well as a survey project on the relationship between war-time rebel governance and the postwar state legitimacy. Obayashi received his PhD in political science from the George Washington University, and MA in International Relations from the University of Chicago.

Is the UN Charter still relevant?

Michael von der Schulenburg worked for 30 years for the United Nations and for four years for the OSCE. He was amongst other the former head of the UN mission in Sierra Leone and Iraq. For both, the UN and OSCE, he has written about political development in the countries where he was based and about "peacebuiling".

Hybrid Interference And Democratic Resilience

Mikael Wigell (PhD, London School of Economics) is Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and Adjunct Professor in International Political Economy at the University of Tampere. He has previously held research fellowships at the Academy of Finland and the Torcuato di Tella University, Buenos Aires. His work on geoeconomics, major power geostrategy (Brazil, China and Russia), political regime analysis and Latin American political economy has been published in journals such as World Development, International Affairs, Comparative Strategy, Democratization, Asia Europe Journal, International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, and Global Affairs. He is the editor of Geo-Economics and Power Politics in the 21st Century: The Revival of Economic Statecraft (Routledge, 2019). He has been a Member of the Development Policy Committee of the Finnish Government and is currently President of the Finnish International Studies Association. During his time as CCW Visiting Fellow, he will be analysing ‘hybrid interference’ as a strategic concept and practice, and ways to improve liberal democratic resilience against such external interference.