NATO Intra-Alliance Diplomacy after 2014

Convened by the Oxford Changing Character of War Centre

Generously supported by the Sasakawa Peace Foundation


This comparative research project examines the political goals and diplomatic tactics of the UK, France, Germany, Poland and Romania in relation to NATO’s emerging deterrence posture vis-a-vis Russia in the aftermath of the 2014 Crimea annexation. In particular, it examines the process leading to the decisions taken at the 2016 Warsaw Summit to support an Enhanced Forward Presence in the Baltic States and Poland as well as to increase the NATO presence in the Black Sea.


Dr Jeff Michaels, KCL, Visiting Research Fellow, currently leads this project on behalf of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation.